Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia 1301 Elmwood Avenue Columbia, SC 29201 803-888-6221 [email protected] #MyChiroPros Glossary of Chiropractic and Medical Definitions: Chiropractor in Columbia S.C.

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1301 Elmwood Avenue Columbia, SC 29201 United States
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Glossary of Chiropractic and Medical Definitions Professionals of Columbia

1301 Elmwood Avenue

Columbia, SC 29201


[email protected]


Glossary of Chiropractic and Medical Definitions: Chiropractor in Columbia S.C.

The Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia wants you to understand what you need to know about your Back and Spine. We’ve compiled a list of Chiropractic and medical terms we use when talking about back care in Columbia SC. This is a Great Start to Your Patient Education Program.

Chiropractic and Medical Terms&Definitions

    Activator Adjusting Instrument

    A handheld instrument used by chiropractors who assert that slightly misaligned vertebrae can be adjusted back into place with an Activator.

    Acute back pain

    Back pain that lasts a short while, usually a few days to several weeks. Episodes lasting longer than three months are not considered acute.

    Applied kinesiology

    An scientific method of testing muscle strength to detect the presence of disease, vitamin deficiency, and other problems. AK takes years to Perfect.


    In the front; pertaining to or toward the front plane of your body, the opposite of posterior.

    Atlas Subluxation Complex

    All Palmer Chiropractors feel this is the most common, and the most serious Vertebral Misalignment. Chiropractors who practice specific "upper cervical techniques" focus on the Atlas Subluxation Complex.


    First vertebra of the neck that your Head Sits On.

    Atlas orthogonal technique (A.O.T.)

    One of many methods of correcting Cervical Subluxations claimed.


    Transplanting an organ or tissue from one part of your body to another. In terms of your spine, this usually refers to a bone graft taken from your hip.

    Barge analysis

    A contemporary technique, used to locate alleged shifting of a disk nucleus said to cause tortipelvis/torticollis, spinal distortions, or curvatures. Rotation of a spinous process toward the wide side of a disk space on the concave side of a spinal curve (the opposite of what is normally seen) is thought to indicate that the disk is improperly centered.

    "Big Idea."

    A Major Chiropractic concept that the body heals itself when interference from  nervous system is removed.  If you get the BIG IDEA all else Follows.

    Bio Energetic Synchronization Technique (B.E.S.T.)

    A  method that involves measuring leg length to determine whether "imbalances" exist in the body's electromagnetic field. The chiropractor corrects these imbalances by placing his hands on certain "contact points" to transfer electromagnetic energy to the patient.


    A new technique is a series of procedures used to normalize aberrant brain wave frequencies caused by injuries and emotional experiences.

    Blair upper cervical technique.

    Blair upper cervical Technique  concentrates upon correction of Upper Cervical Vertebral Misalignment's at the top of the neck as a method of removing nerve interference in your spine.

    Board Certified Chiropractors

    To make sure you get the best Chiropractors, all of our Chiropractors at the Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia are board certified.  You become Board Certified  by Taking and Passing all Four Chiropractic  Boards.

    Bone Spurs

    Also called osteophytes, they are bony projections that can develop on the bones of your spine caused by injury, age, or illness. Often benign, they can be removed if they compress spinal nerves.


    Abbreviation for "Chiropractic Assistant."

    Carver technique

    Method developed by Willard Carver, an early Palmer student who formulated his own theories about Subluxations and nerve interference and opened the Carver Chiropractic college in 1908. Carver developed a technique in which traction and pressure is applied to the spine just before making a manual thrust.  We at the Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia use this on Almost all of our Adjustments.


    Pop that occurs in a spinal joint when vertebral surfaces, facets are separated to create a vacuum that pulls in nitrogen gas.

    Cervical vertebrae

    There are seven vertebrae in the cervical or neck area of your spine.


    Basically, a pain in your neck, Cervicalgia is localized pain that can be caused by muscle tension, or it can point to a more serious problem.


    This refers to your tailbone. It’s a small bone connected to the sacrum, made up of four fused rudimentary vertebrae.

    Chiropractic Biophysics (CBP)

    Method of chiropractic analysis and treatment in which spinal corrections are based on theoretical calculations related to posture and spinal curvature. CBP is based on theoretical calculations related to posture and spinal curvature. This technique advocates adjustments, traction, and exercises intended to develop "normal" neck and low-back curvature. However, many people without symptoms have curves that deviate from CBP's Ideal Spine.

    Chronic back pain

    Back pain episode that lasts more than three months.

    Concept therapy

    Method of using a positive state of mind to help "innate intelligence" heal the body, thus making any chiropractic technique more effective. Its founder taught that once you know the "great secret" taught in Concept Therapy, you can make any technique work.

    Contact Reflex Analysis (CRA)

    A testing procedure in which diagnoses are made by testing muscle strength while placing manual pressure on alleged "reflex points." The results are then used to prescribe vitamin supplements and/or homeopathic products.

    Contour analysis

    A procedure in which an angled light is passed through a grid to the surface of the patient's body to produce a pattern of shadows that is viewed on a screen and/or photographed. The resultant picture resembles a topographic map. Also called moire contourographic analysis.

    Cox flexion-distraction technique

    Method of applying manually controlled distraction or stretching to specific spinal segments with the assistance of a movable table.


    Abbreviation for "Doctor of Chiropractic." 

    Derefield leg check

    Test alleged to detect pelvic dysfunction by measuring leg length in a prone, facedown position. Measurements are obtained with the legs straight and with the knees bent. Leg checks are used by Activator practitioners,and others who purport to measure and correct pelvic misalignments.

    Directional nonforce technique (DNFT).

    Method of diagnosing and correcting subluxations by applying thumb pressure to the spine and checking leg length, which supposedly changes when correction is made.


    A surgical procedure in which one or more injured or diseased discs is removed. Often, a bone graft replaces the disc.


    The relatively soft and spongy structural material between each of your vertebral bones. Discs provide impact resistance (like a shock absorber) while holding the spinal bones in place. A disc is composed of a gelatinous center surrounded by a tough fibrous outer ring or wall.

    Diversified chiropractic technique.

    Diversified Technique uses a variety of adjustive techniques to detect "subluxations" and to create motion in a vertebral joint. Some of these mobilizing techniques are effective in the treatment of back pain. Chiropractors who use diversified technique are more likely to offer appropriate hands-on spinal adjustments.

    Dynamic thrust

    Chiropractic adjustment delivered suddenly and forcefully to move vertebrae, often resulting in a popping sound.


    With respect to your back, an electrothermal treatment uses electrically generated heat to kill, fuse, or cauterize injured or diseased cells, usually in your spine.

    Enzyme replacement system

    A different approach that correlates recurring "Subluxation patterns" with the results of a 24-hour urinalysis (purported to identify "enzyme deficiencies") so that spinal adjustments and nutritional measures can be combined.

    Facet Joint

    Paired joints that attach the rear part of one vertebrae to those above and below it.

    Flexion-distraction technique

    Useful method of stretching the spine in a facedown position on a table that allows manually applied flexion and traction to be applied to specific spinal segments.

  • Fluoroscopy


    Foraminal Stenosis A condition describing the shrinking or narrowing of the opening for your spinal nerves. This painful condition often affects the nerve roots leaving your spinal column.

    Foraminotomy A surgical procedure to widen the opening in your spine so that your nerve roots are not compressed. See also foramen/foramina.

    Full-spine technique

    Method of adjusting or manipulating any of the vertebrae from the neck down.

    Fusion Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that locks multiple bones in your spine together permanently, often with a metal plate. While fusion restricts movement, it supports and reinforces the bones. A fusion also refers to the way bone grafts knit together with the vertebrae above and below to form a new bone mass.

    Gonstead technique

    System of correcting pelvic and sacral "Subluxations" to correct secondary subluxations elsewhere in the spine. The alleged problem areas are located by motion palpation and skin-temperature instrument measurement and "confirmed" with full-spine x-ray examination.

    Grostic procedure

    Upper cervical technique that depends upon x-ray examination to measure and detect Misalignments between the atlas and the skull. Adjustment can be made with an instrument or be done manually by placing pressure on the side of the neck at the base of the skull.

    Herniated Disc A diseased or injured disc in your spine that has slipped, bulged, ruptured or broken open. Often, surgery is required to repair or replace the disc.

    Hole-in-One (H.I.O.)

    Method of adjusting the atlas (the topmost vertebra at the base of the skull). Proponents claim that this will improve health and facilitate correction of Subluxations elsewhere in the spine. This is the First Techniques Taught at Palmer Chiropractic College.

    Innate Intelligence.

    An alleged inborn ability of the body to heal itself, which chiropractors is enhanced by Spinal Adjustments.

    Interspinous Between the pointed bones of your spine. Between the spinous processes of your vertebrae.

    Intervertebral disk.

    The tough cartilage that serves as a cushion between two vertebrae. Each disk has a gelatinous-like center (nucleus pulposus) that may protrude to form a disk herniation.

    Intradiscal Into a disc of your spine, as relating to an injection or electrothermal treatment.

    Intrathecal Pertaining to a structure or substance within a sheath, such as within your spinal canal. Introducing into or occurring within the space under the membrane covering your spinal cord.

  • A foramen is an organic passage into or through one of your bones. The space inside your spine, through which your spinal cord passes, is a foramen. Foramina is the plural.

  • A technological advance that allows surgeons to virtually see inside your body with real-time X-rays.

  •  Fluoroscopy guides a surgeon’s hands in some surgeries.

  • Kyphoplasty A minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat spine fractures. A kyphoplasty relieves pain and stabilizes your spine, while restoring your height.

Kale method.

Variety of upper cervical adjustment in which a "toggle adjustment," or a sudden, shallow thrust is applied to the side of the neck to correct atlas subluxations, often in a knee-chest position on a special Kale table.

Laminaplasty A cervical surgery to open or increase the space for your spinal cord and nerves. It has advantages over a cervical corpectomy and fusion, but requires an otherwise healthy spine.

  • Laminectomy A surgical procedure to remove the back part of your vertebra, called the lamina. The procedure enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure.

    Leander's method.

    Method that utilizes a motorized table for loosening or mobilizing the spine with flexion-distraction-type stretching before a spinal adjustment.

    Leg-length testing.

    An unsubstantiated method used to detect alleged subluxations. It is used as part of Activator Methods, Logan basic, Bio Energetic Synchronization Technique, Thompson terminal point technique, and Sacro occipital technique.

    Ligaments The tough fibrous tissues that attach your bones together. Ligaments provide joint stability.


    Abbreviated description of the position or movement of a "subluxated" vertebra. Many techniques have their own listing system.

    Locked spinal joint.

    Sudden binding that occurs when two joint surfaces are shifted out of their normal alignment by an awkward movement that triggers muscle spasm. The result may also be called an "acute locked back."

    Logan method.

    A nonthrusting method in which thumb pressure is used to correct alleged sacral subluxations and leg deficiency that will  affect the entire spine.

    Long-lever manipulation.

    Method of spinal manipulation in which a general technique is used to stretch or loosen several vertebrae at a time.

    Low-force technique.

    Use of an adjusting machine and/or reflex technique said to be an alternative to forceful manipulation dynamic thrust. It may not be an appropriate substitute for properly performed spinal manipulation.

    Lumbar Referring to your lower back. It’s the area approximately six inches below your shoulder blades, where your spine curves in toward your abdomen. There are five lumbar vertebrae.

    Lumbar vertebrae.

    The five bones in the lower-back portion of the spine.

    Lumbo-pelvic techniques.

    Technique used to adjust  the joints of the lumbar spine and pelvis. Lumbo-pelvic distortions are attributed to postural alterations, leg-length inequality, tilting of the lumbar vertebrae, loss of mobility. Adjustments over the pelvis and lower back are needed. Leg-length testing is often used to detect lumbo-pelvic distortions.

    Lumbosacral strain

    Strain or Injury of joints or ligaments at the base of the spine where the last lumbar vertebra (L5) is connected to the sacrum. Strain or disk degeneration in this area is probably the most common cause of low-back pain.

    Maintenance care

    A program of periodic spinal examinations and "adjustments" to help maintain the patient's health. 

    Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA)

    Procedure in which a chiropractor performs manipulation while an anesthesiologist keeps the patient asleep is protective reflexes are abolished.

    Mercy Guidelines

    Common name for the report issued following the chiropractic consensus conference held at the Mercy Conference Center in Burlingame, California, on January, 1992. The report is a step toward establishing parameters and guidelines for the profession. Many insurance companies use it as a guide.

    Meric System

    Chiropractic system based on the theory that specific spinal joints are associated with specific organs, requiring adjustment of certain vertebrae for certain diseases.


    Chiropractor who uses physical therapy and other natural treatment methods in addition to manual Adjustments of the spine.


    Method of manipulation, movement, or stretching to increase range of motion in muscles and joints that does not involve a high-velocity thrust.

    Motion palpation

    Useful method of locating fixations and loss of mobility in the spine by feeling the motion of specific spinal segments as the patient moves.

    Myelopathy A compression of your spinal cord, usually by a bone spur or herniated disc. This condition often causes severe pain, as well as weakness and/or numbness of your extremities.


    Referring to structures involving tendons, muscles, ligaments, and joints.

    Nerve root

    One of the two nerve bundles emerging from the spinal cord that join to form a segmental spinal nerve. A Main Nerve Branch off your spinal cord. Nerve Roots leave the spine through openings between the vertebrae around the level of the Discs.

    Neural Organization Technique (NOT)

    Method purported to organize the nervous system and activate helpful reflexes by using applied kinesiology muscle-testing to identify and correct food allergies and dysfunctions claimed to affect the flow of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain.


    A handheld, dual-probe thermocouple used to locate "Subluxations" by measuring skin temperature on both sides of the spine.

    Neuro Emotional Technique (NET)

    Method to correct disease-causing Subluxations that result from negative emotions that lock into a neuro emotional complex.


    The heat-detecting instrument originally developed in 1924 for locating Subluxated Vertebrae.

    Nimmo method.

    Technique that uses digital pressure on trigger points to relax muscles said to be pulling vertebrae out of alignment.

    Nonforce techniques

    Various reflex techniques and muscle-treatment methods that do not involve forceful manipulation of your spine.

    Objective straight chiropractors

    Chiropractors whose sole objective is to correct vertebral subluxations not because they cause disease or are associated with any medical condition, but simply because the body works better without them.

    Orthogonal methods.

    Upper cervical measurements and techniques that often require use of instruments and machines to correct what are claimed to be minute but all-important Subluxations of the Atlas.

    Pain Management The pharmacological, surgical, alternative or other treatments that prevent, lessen or eliminate pain. These conservative care options do nothing to remove the cause of pain.

    P.A.L. technique (positive anatomical leg length).

    Technique for detecting differences in leg length. Commonly used by chiropractors to do "health screenings" in malls and at health fairs. X-ray examination is then recommended to locate the cause of the deficiency and its effect on the spine, so that correction can be made with spinal and pelvic adjustments.

    Pelvic deficiency (P.D.)—An alleged condition that proponents of Activator Methods define a  difference in leg-length, not an anatomical difference. Also called "functional short leg." To determine where the alleged problem is located, the practitioner holds the patient's feet in various ways while the patient lies face down on an examining table

    Pettibone method.

    Upper cervical Adjustive technique that utilizes an instrument to adjust the atlas. Orthogonal lines are used to measure the full spine.

    Physio Therapy Therapeutic exercises, often performed after surgery, to build back muscle strength and encourage healing. The Chiropractic Professionals use a  Rehab facility.


    Abbreviation for Personal Injury.

    Posterior In the back; pertaining to or toward the rear plane of your body. The opposite of anterior.

    Pierce-Stillwagon method

    Technique which involves contacts and other maneuvers applied to cervical and pelvic areas to produce effects in remote muscles, organs, and joints. A full-spine x-ray examination is considered essential for pelvic analysis. Uses a heat-detecting instrument to monitor subluxation correction.

    Ruptured Disc A specific type of herniated disc, this term refers to a spinal disc with a wall that has lost its integrity, allowing the disc nucleus to spill out. It is a painful injury.

    Sacro-Occiptal Technique

    Scientific diagnostic and treatment method said to involve analysis and correction of sacral and cranial distortions to improve circulation of cerebrospinal fluid. The degree of alleged correction obtained is monitored by checking leg length.

    Sacroiliac Joint The point at which your sacral spine attaches to your pelvis.


    The triangular bone that serves as a base for the spinal column and connects the pelvic bones. This also connects your spine to your pelvis. It is comprised of Five vertebrae that are fused together.

    Scoliosis A condition that causes a normally straight spine to curve sideways. Early detection helps, and braces can help the bones grow correctly.

    Short-lever manipulation

    A method of spinal manipulation in which contact is made on a vertebral process to move a single vertebra.


    An abbreviation for Spinal Manipulative Therapy.

    Spinal Adjustment Complex.

    A chiropractic term that most chiropractors use to correct spinal problems.

  • Spinal decay (also called "subluxation degeneration"): Spinal Degeneration Shown on X-ray.

    Spinal Cord The nerve tissue that extends from your brain, protected by your spine. The spinal cord carries information between your body and your brain via the nerve roots.

    Spinal Adjusment.

    A forceful, high-velocity thrust that stretches a joint beyond its passive range of movement in order to increase its mobility. Manipulation is usually accompanied by an audible pop or click. Because of the speed involved, the patient does not have control and the potential for injury is greater than exists with mobilization.

    Spinal Stenosis A medical condition in which new bone or soft tissue has grown from your vertebrae into your spinal canal, reducing the space for your spinal cord, sometimes pinching your nerve roots.

    Spine The part of your skeleton that extends from the base of your skull to your pelvis. It acts as the main support for your body and protects your spinal cord. Composed of alternating vertebrae and discs, it’s divided into five areas: cervicalthoraciclumbarsacrum and the coccyx.

    Spinous Process The pointed, backward-facing projections of your vertebra bones. It’s what you feel if you run your hands down your spineLigaments and muscles attach to your spine here.

    Spondylolisthesis The condition known as a “slipped disc,” in which one of the bones of your spine has slipped out of position and is rubbing against the disc below it, causing significant pain.

    Straight chiropractor

    Chiropractors who tend to cling to chiropractic's original doctrine that most health problems are caused by misaligned spinal bones and are correctable by manual Adjustment of the spine.


    Intricate use of a mathematical analysis to locate stress points in the spinal analysis. Stressology is a language that is spoken only by "Stressologists."


    The term "subluxation" is used by doctors of chiropractic to depict the altered position of the vertebra and subsequent functional loss, which determines the location for the spinal manipulation. "Subluxation" has been defined medically as "...a partial abnormal separation of the articular surfaces of a joint."

    Chiropractors have described the term to include a complex of functions (i.e., the subluxation complex) as "…an alteration of the biomechanical and physiological dynamics of contiguous structures which can cause neural disturbances."

    Super-straight chiropractors.

    Chiropractic treatment affects "Innate Intelligence." Their sole purpose is said to be locating and correcting vertebral Subluxations.

    Surface electromyography (SEMG)

    An procedure that measures skin temperature and electrical activity in muscles surrounding the spine. Chiropractors who use it to provides evidence of nerve dysfunction associated with vertebral Subluxations.

    Surrogate testing

    A  method of diagnosing problems by testing the muscle strength of a third person who is touching the patient. Some chiropractors use this method to diagnose allergies, deficiencies, and other alleged problems in infants and small children.

    Sweat method

    Atlas orthogonal technique in which the atlas is adjusted using a special table and a solenoid stylus placed against the side of the neck just behind and below the ear.

    Tendons: The tough fibrous tissue that attaches muscles to your bones.

    Therapeutic Exercise:  Strengthening exercises that include core stabilization and stretching. If you have had invasive surgery or long periods of inactivity, these exercises help you get back on your feet.


    A diagnostic procedure that images heat from body surfaces, used by chiropractors in locating Pinched Nerves or Subluxated Vertebrae.

    Thompson terminal point technique

    A chiropractic adjustment performed on a table in which the supporting cushions drop an inch or two when a thrust is applied to the spine.

    Thoracic vertebrae.

    There are twelve vertebrae in the thoracic or upper-back portion of the spine. Its also the area of the spine that supports the Rib Cage.

    Toftness method

    Method in which a handheld "Toftness Radiation Detector" is used to locate subluxated vertebrae and pinched nerves so that they can then be corrected with spinal adjustments. Although the FDA has banned the device, a few chiropractors still use it.

    Toggle recoil technique

    Adjustment performed with a sudden shallow toggle followed by quick withdrawal recoil of the chiropractor's hands while the patient is relaxed.

    Total body modification (T.B.M.)

    Method that involves locating stressed organs or body areas so that "tried and tested reflex points and muscle testing" can be used to stimulate specific areas of the spine. This supposedly restores balance to the nervous system by stimulating nerve cells in the brain, which enables the brain to regain control of the body and guide it back to health.

    Upper cervical specific. Technique that uses a number of specific chiropractic adjustments designed to correct atlas and upper cervical subluxations.


    Decompression technique using a Vax-D Table.

If your in need of a Chiropractor Choose the Chiropractor's with Years of Experience. You will be glad you did! We are just a Phone Call Away. 803-888-6221.

We use the the Latest and Safest Chiropractic Techniques used Today. We have over 18 Years worth of Chiropractic Experience working with Patients with the Gentlest Techniques Possible. We are Full Spine Adjusting Chiropractors. We find and Locate Your Vertebral Subluxations and Yes, we Fix That!

If you have Pain let us at the Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia Check your Spine. We know what we are doing, and We have the Skills, and the Know how, to get it done! If your Spine is out of Alignment we can Fix That.

Chiropractic is a Non-invasive, Conservative Treatment option for Back Pain. Get your Spine Checked! We are Your Board Certified Chiropractic Physicians of Columbia S.C. Remember Great Chiropractic Care, will Make's a World of Difference in Your Family's Healthcare.

The Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia have been Helping patients for over 18 years.  We have Years of Experience, and Have the Latest and Greatest Rehab Facilities. We Would love the Opportunity to be your Family's Chiropractors. We can See you Today! Don't Wait, Just Call 803-888-6221 or Visit us on the Web at

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Chiropractic Professionals of Columbia 1301 Elmwood Avenue Columbia, SC 29201 803-888-6221 [email protected] #MyChiroPros